APLID 5 Skills Framework
|Access||Selecting the most appropriate resources to support learning.|
|Apply||Practical use of skills, knowledge and experiences|
|Self-Direction||Meeting expectations and being answerable for actions and output.|
|Accountability||Making independent decisions, having agency and being organised.|
|Reflection||Using experiences to guide future decision-making.|
|Collaborate||Working effectively and efficiently with others.|
|Resilience||The ability to adapt to situations.|
|Responsibility||Being accountable for your decisions and actions.|
|Leadership||Taking responsibility for a common task and supporting others to achieve success.|
|Problem Solving||The process of finding problems and their solutions.|
|Create||Unleashing the potential of the mind by using curiosity and imagination to conceive new ideas.|
|Innovate||Adapting ideas in order to improve and maximize creative efforts.|
|Evaluate||To think carefully about something before making a judgment about its value, importance, or quality.|
|Critical Thinking||Objectively considering, assessing, and reasoning ideas and information by interpreting and verifying.|
|Analyse||Synthesising different points of view, reliability of information and facts, to be well informed.|
WHY TEACH CRITICAL THINKING AND QUESTIONING SKILLS?
Through our skills based and progress focussed curriculum, we have identified several areas crucial to teaching the skill of critical thinking. These are:
- Finding analogies and other kinds of relationships between pieces of information
- Determining the relevance and validity of information that could be used for structuring and solving problems
- Finding and evaluating solutions or alternative ways of treating problems
Just as there are similarities among the definitions of critical thinking across subject areas and levels, there are several generally recognized "hallmarks" of teaching for critical thinking. These include:
- Promoting interaction among students as they learn - Learning in a group setting often helps each member achieve more.
- Asking open-ended questions that do not assume the "one right answer" - Critical thinking is often exemplified best when the problems are inherently ill-defined and do not have a "right" answer. Open-ended questions also encourage students to think and respond creatively, without fear of giving the "wrong" answer.
- Allowing sufficient time for students to reflect on the questions asked or problems posed - Critical thinking seldom involves snap judgments; therefore, posing questions and allowing adequate time before soliciting responses helps students understand that they are expected to deliberate and to ponder, and that the immediate response is not always the best response.
- Teaching for transfer - The skills for critical thinking should "travel well." They generally will do so only if teachers provide opportunities for students to see how a newly acquired skill can apply to other situations and to the student's own experience.
TEACHER BEHAVIOURS THAT ENCOURAGE CRITICAL THINKING AND QUESTIONING:
Frame Quality Questions:
Strengthen Student Thinking:
Use Formative Feedback:
Nurture a Culture for Thinking: